Over the past few centuries, we have learned many things about Earth, which has only deepened our fascination with it. You’ve lived on Planet Earth all of your life, but how much do you really know about the ground underneath your feet? You probably have lots of interesting facts rattling around in your brain, but here are some amazing facts about the Earth that you may, or may not know.
Amazing Facts About The Earth
- Earth isn’t round. Centrifugal force pushes outwards at Earth’s equator giving it a slight elliptical look.
- Earth’s atmosphere is thickest within the first 50 km from the surface or so, but it actually reaches out to about 10,000 km into space. It is made up of five main layers – the Troposphere, the Stratosphere, the Mesosphere, the Thermosphere, and the Exosphere.
- Earth is the only place in the Solar System where water can be present in three states i.e. solid, liquid and vapour.
- The Pacific Ocean is by far Earth’s largest ocean basin, covering an area of about 59 million square miles and containing more than half of the free water on Earth, according to NOAA.
- The deepest point on the ocean floor is 35,813 feet (10,916 meters) below sea level in the Mariana Trench.
- Krubera Cave, the deepest known cave on Earth, has depth of 2,197 m.
- The hottest temperature ever recorded on Earth’s surface was 136 degrees F or 57.8 degrees C in El Azizia, Libya recorded in 1922.
- The lowest temperature ever recorded on Earth came from Russia’s Vostok Station, where records show the air plunged to a bone-chilling minus 128.6 degrees F (minus 89.2 degrees C) on July 21,1983, according to the USGS.
- There are about 6,000 lightning flashes around the Earth every minute.
- The Queen of the UK is the legal owner of one-sixth of the Earth’s land surface.
- Before trees were common, the Earth was covered with giant mushrooms.
- If the earth didn’t have the moon, our days would only be 6 hours long.